Bad water symptoms are sometimes easy to detect but hard to diagnose. Other times symptoms range in complexity and are very difficult to detect. It doesn’t matter if you get your water from a private well or from a municipal water treatment plant, you can face a wide range of potential water problems. To make your life better we’ve composed the following guide to help you diagnose your water problems. We have a full selection of water filtration and water treatment products that will work to fix a variety of water quality issues, from bad taste, foul smell, hard water problems to impurities like iron, sulfur, tannin, sand, and sediment. Click on a category below to learn more about your water issue and see which water treatment system could be your solution. If you don’t see your water problem listed here, please feel free contact us today for the best solution.
Arsenic is a chemical element with symbol As and atomic number 33. Arsenic occurs in many minerals, usually in combination with sulfur and metals. The primary use of metallic arsenic is in alloys of lead.Arsenic and its compounds are used in the production of pesticides, treated wood products, herbicides, insecticides, paints, dyes, soaps, and semiconductors.
Acid water is water with a potential hydrogen (pH) of less than 7. pH is measured on a scale from 0 to 14. 7 on the pH scale represents neutral where the substance is neither a base or acidic. Zero through 7 indicates acidity, the lower the number the higher the acidity.Seven through 14 indicates basicity, the higher the number the higher the basicity.
A microorganism or microbe is a microscopic organism. Bacteria, Cyst, and Virus’ are all considered microorganism. There are a vast number of microorganisms that can thrive in water. Some of these, such as E-coli, can be deadly to humans when ingested.Microorganism can find their way into water supplies in a numerous amount of ways.
For centuries chlorine has been a common disinfectant for water. Chlorine can rid water of contaminations such as bacteria, virus’ and cyst. Chlorine may be great for disinfection, but it can cause some side effects. When used as a disinfectant chlorine may leave dangerous byproducts in the water.Chlorine is an extremely strong oxidizing agent, which means that it can cause other substances to lose their electrons.
Manganese is a mineral that naturally occurs in rocks and soil and may also be present due to underground pollution sources. Manganese is seldom found alone in a water supply. Chemically manganese is closely related to iron. It is frequently found in iron-bearing waters but is rarer than iron.Manganese in low concentrations it produces extremely objectionable stains on everything with which it comes in contact.
Toxins are poisonous substances that originate in living organisms, and chemicals are compounds or substances produced by or used in a chemical process. Several different toxins and chemicals may be found in water, depending in part on where the water comes from. Water coming from private sources, such as a well, may be at a high risk for toxins and chemicals.
Chloramine is a chemical often used as a disinfectant in water treatment plants. It can kill bacteria and other dangerous pathogens. Chloramine, is less effective but is used as an alternative to traditional chorine because it produces less byproducts, and remains active longer, making it more efficient when moving though piping systems to reach a home or business.
Lead is a heavy metal with a density exceeding that of most common materials. Many years ago, lead was commonly used in the construction of home water pipes and municipal underground water distribution systems. Lead solder was used on brass or chrome-plated brass faucets and plumbing fixtures. Corrosion of lead pipes can lead to lead in the water.
Iron is a heavy type of metal that is very common, occurs naturally in blood, and is used to make steel and in many products. Iron typically finds its way in water from the rocks and soil around the water source. As water moves through the rocks and into the well or aquafer, it dissolves the iron that’s naturally found in the environment.
Hard water is water that has high mineral content. Hard water is formed when water percolates through deposits of limestone and chalk which are largely made up of calcium and magnesium carbonates.Hard water has no health risk but can cause many problems to a home or business. Hard water can lead to mineral build up inside of piping.
Fluoride is a chemical that is heavily debated on. On one side of the spectrum you have the dental communities that advocates for fluoride claiming it is beneficial for teeth and prevents tooth decay. On the opposite end theorist argue that fluoride has little or no benefits and may cause serious health problems.Fluoride is an active ingredient in many pesticides.
Corrosion is the destruction or damage of metal, stone, or other materials slowly by chemical action. Many copper pipes become corroded due to many factors, one of the biggest being acid water. High levels of dissolved oxygen can also cause corrosion. This is called oxygen corrosion. Pipes can also become corroded by not being properly installed,or improper electrical grounding.
Methane is an invisible, odorless, and combustible gas present in trace concentrations in the atmosphere. Methane occurs naturally, especially in swampy areas where it is called “marsh gas. Methane may get into water supplies by seeping through in a process known as methane migration. Areas where fracking occurs have reported to have water tainted with methane at a higher rate.
Nitrates and nitrites are compounds that are produced naturally through the breakdown of organic matter. They are very similar in their chemical make-up, where there only difference is the amount of oxygen in each compound. Nitrates and nitrites are added to foods such as cured sandwich meats, bacon, salami, or sausages to give them color and to prolong their shelf life.
Radon is a dangerous natural gas. It is sometimes used in spas because some believe it to have medical benefits. It is also used to initiate chemical reactions. Radon is considered radioactive. It comes from the natural breakdown of uranium and is usually found in igneous rock and soil. As the element breaks down into gas forms it seeps into the air.
Sulfur (sulpher) is an element that people have known of for thousands of years. There have also been recorded uses of sulfur in ancient India, Greece, China, and Egypt. There are references of sulfur in The Odyssey and The Bible, where the latter refers to it as brimstone meaning ‘burn stone’ or ‘stone that burns’. Rainwater is also a source of sulfur.
Radiation is the emission of energy as electromagnetic waves or as moving subatomic particles. Radioactivity, or radioactive decay, is a form of energy that’s released by the decay of an unstable atom. We are exposed to some form of radiation nearly every day of our lives, most commonly from the sun, X-rays, and nuclear energy.
Turbidity is the cloudiness or haziness of water caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye. Turbidity can be caused by soil erosion, waste discharge, storm water runoff, eroding stream banks, bottom feeding fish, and algae growth.Turbidity in water is easy to diagnose.
Sometimes water in a home or business may have a foul taste or smell. This could be a sign of many different problems. If water smells and tastes like “rotten eggs” it may be contaminated with Sulfur or Hydrogen Sulfide. This may cause digestive problems in humans, and lead to more serious plumbing problems. Water may also have an earthy or fishy smell.
Tannin is a yellowish or brownish bitter-tasting organic substance present in some galls, barks, and other plant tissues. Tannins have a sharp taste, that people associate with red wine, tea, and unripen fruits. Tannins are used in the dyeing of textiles and in the tanning of leather products. Tannins cause water to have a yellow or brownish tint, like the color of tea.
Have you ever noticed stains around bathroom fixtures, or in your clothes after they are washed? Do you notice your silverware is becoming discolored? If you have your water can be contaminated with several different things. If the stains are yellow or brown you may be dealing with tannins, or rust. Tannins will cause water to be a tea like color and may also affect the smell, and taste of it.